The European Commission has refused the proposal includes a readmission agreement between Malta and Libya, similar to the one between Greece-Turkey.
Last week, the Maltese PM Joseph Muscat called for more cooperation with North African countries so as to reduce illegal immigration flows to Southern Europe.
“There is no doubt that unless the essence of the Turkey deal is replicated in the central Mediterranean, Europe will face a major migration crisis,” said Muscat.
On 25 January, the High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini touched upon this proposal at a press conference. “The two situations are completely different. The two main countries are completely different, the composition of the flow is completely different and the set of measures is completely different. So there is no comparison that can be done. The two things are completely distinct, one from the other.” said the former Italian minister of foreign affairs. She highlighted the specialty of financial allocation planned for the Turkey-Greece agreement. It is conducted differently comparing to the planning EU-Africa cooperation. “The money for Turkey, as you know, was for more years. And by the way, the money was and is not for Turkey but for the Syrian refugees. In this case, we have this package of EUR 200 million that goes on top of a lot of other measures and other funds that we have and that we are currently using for other initiatives that are currently underway.”
The commission has proposed a financial aid package to assist Libyan authorities to improve the situation on the ground in Libya related to the overall objective of promoting stability and peace.
It seems apparently that EU will develop financial projects involved in direct investment and increase the number of camps in key transit points like in Niger. This modus operandi also called as a European Marshall Plan for Africa, with an approach that deals with Africa as a trade partner and an investment opportunity. It seems more effective to bear with the crisis than the offered proposal of the Maltese PM Muscat.