After the Arab Spring, chaos engulfed the Mediterranean region. Vast amounts of immigrants from destabilized countries like Libya and Syria tried to cross the Mediterranean to reach the welfare states of Europe. Besides the immigrants who could make it to Europe, many perished along the way. This crisis is the most crucial event for Europe pertaining to aspects of stability and welfare. Furthermore, migration is a very complex case, and it is contingent to many factors. For Europe, many questions remain unanswered in addition to immigrant crisis.
A New Approach
European Agenda of Migration, published in 2015, is a very significant document for the European vision on immigration. The document takes both sides, the wishes of the immigrants and the European vision on migration, into account. The European Union, as well as third countries should take measures to prevent addition casualties during the arduous process of migration. For this process to continue in a healthy fashion, the European Union must be the main authority on the issue.
Future projects in North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East could decrease migration to Europe, but the priority should be the stabilization of these areas. This problem can be solved with abovementioned countries’ cooperation and bilateralism. The destabilization of these areas and rise of terrorist organizations make life worse for these people. Basic needs, such as shelter, employment, health and education to develop and maintain stability in the region. Through the backing of democratic institutions, stability in the Middle East is an attainable goal.
Europe’s Overwhelming Problems
One of the most serious problems the EU faces is a decreasing birthrate. Europe is destined to face a labor shortage in the future and immigrants, as mentioned in the agenda, could solve this dilemma, but this is a difficult process.
The EU has to be more concentrated on issues of integration, as well as a common policy of migration. The Dublin Regulation is not enough to solve this debilitating crisis; therefore, European countries should be more creative and constructive on top of being more integrated.
The migration crisis has created another problem for Europe: The rising far right. Right wing politicians are gaining popularity among Europeans and as we see in Brexit, Euroscepticism is no more a fringe movement. These policies are definitely noxious for the European identity, which the EU has constructed for a more integrated Europe.
The rise of far right in Europe can be attributed to many factors but the influx of immigrants seems to be its strongest catalyst. Movements like PEGIDA, AfD, UKIP, PVV are a threat for the EU as well as Europeanism, integration and multi-culturalism.
To sum up, further measures should be taken by EU governments besides third countries. Europeanism, multiculturalism and integration policies must be supported more by EU governments.