Prime Minister Theresa May announced a report titled Ethnicity Facts and Figures, on October 10. This unprecedented data source reveals how people face discrimination in different spheres of life in the UK. This comprehensive study contains thousands of statistics under 130 subject headings, including health, education, employment, and justice. According to May, the report will be used as a fundamental source in struggling with ethnic discrimination.
Announcing the report, May said: “People who have lived with discrimination don’t need a government audit to make them aware of the scale of the challenge.”
The PM was very clear on the outputs of the report: “But this audit means that for society as a whole – for government, for our public services – there is nowhere to hide.”
The report was handled at the roundtable meeting at Downing Street, along with cabinet members and stakeholders. Points to emphasize at May’s meeting were also shared on the government’s official website.
Following the report, it is planning to identify 20 hotspots where minority groups face more discrimination or unemployment.
Feeling of Belonging to Britain is felt in minorities
The research has important implications for the political, social and economic relations of minorities. The resulting data reveals a very interesting image. The total average of people who felt they belong strongly to Britain was 85%, which was the same percentage as white people who felt a strong sense of belonging. This number is 84% for Asians, 81% for blacks, 79% for mixed and 68% for other minority groups.
Disparity in Stop & Search
While the findings note that the search-and-stop practices of police forces have declined in all ethnic categories in recent years, it is clear that the inequalities between ethnic groups still exist. The biggest “decline” is in mixed and other ethnic groups with 25%, whereas this is only 8% in the blacks. During 2006-2007, 22 out of every 1000 Pakistanis were caught in a stop-and-search procedure, and this figure drops to 10 in 2015-2016.
According to the findings, a minority is more than 3 times more likely to be caught up in stop-and-search procedure than a white person. In this context, the ratio of the black to white is increased 6 times. In the 2015-2016 period, only 5 out of every 1000 whites are exposed to this practice, while for blacks the figure is recorded as 31.
The employment rate is higher in whites than in minorities. The gap between the two groups is 9 in the south and 13.6 in the north
Participation in primary and secondary education is higher in for Asians than for white and black pupils.
The employment of minorities in the public sector is below the total average.
It is expected that the UK will take more effective measures against discrimination after the report is published. It is also stated that the research is an example for the future studies in terms of methods and application.